吉勒·雷钦建筑

的吉勒·雷钦Gilles Retsin Architecture是一家位于伦敦的建筑和设计事务所,致力于研究新的建筑模型,这些模型具有增强计算能力和制造的潜力,以生成具有前所未见的结构、细节和物质性的建筑和物体。该工作室感兴趣的是计算对体系结构核心原则的影响骨头而不是皮肤。Gilles Retsin毕业于伦敦建筑协会(Architectural Association),在创立自己的事务所之前,他在瑞士的Christian Kerez事务所担任项目建筑师,在伦敦的Kokkugia事务所担任项目建筑师。他还共同创立了Softkill Design,这是一家集体设计工作室,研究增材制造和3D打印的生成设计方法。除了他的实践,吉尔斯在伦敦大学学院/巴特利特建筑学院指导一个研究集群,是一个S.东伦敦大学高级讲师。最近,莫德罗有机会更多地了解吉尔斯的独特方法和设计理念。

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Priority%3D,%2251%22.0%0A%20Name%3D..3CW%3ALSDEX异常%20LOCKED%3D%22FALSE%22%20PRIORITY%3D%2252%22%0A%20NAME%3D%22LIST%20TABLE%207%20COLORITY%20ACCENT%205%22%2F%3E%0A%3CW%3ALSDException%20LOCKED%3D3E%0A%3CW%3ALSDException%20LOCKED%3D%22FALSE%22%20PRIORITY%3D%2247%22%20NAME%3D%22LIST%20TABLE%202%20ACCENT%206%22%2F%3E%0A%3CW%3ALSDException%20LOCKED%3D~20%22FALSE%22~20 PRIORITY%3D~2248%0A%3CW%3ALSDEXCEP时间%20Locked%3D%22False%22%20Priority%3D%2249%22%20Name%3D%22List%20Table%204%20Accent%206%22%2F%3E%0A%3CW%3ALSDException%20Locked%3D..3ALSDException%20Locked%3D%22False%22%20Priority%3D%2251%22%0A%20Name%3D%22List%20Table%206%20Colorful%20Accent%206%22%2F%3E%0A%3CW%3ALSDException%20Locked%3D.%22False%22.%20Priority%3D.%2252%22.%0A3E%0A%20%3C%2FW%3ALAtentStyles%3E%3C%2FXML%3E%3C!%5BENDIF%5D%2D%2D%3E--><!--{CKE_受保护}{C}%3C!%2D%2D%5BIF%20GTE%20MSO%2010%5D%3 E%3CStyle%3 E%2F*%20Style%20Definitions%20*%2F%0ATable22%3B%0A%09MSO-TSTYLE-ROWBAND-SIZE%3A0%3B%0A%09MSO-TSTYLE-COLBAND-SIZE%3A0%3B%0%09MSO-STYEL-NOSHOW%3A%3A%0%03A%09MSO-STYEL-PRIORITY%3A%22%22%3B..-margin-bottom%3A.0001pt%3B%0A%09LINE-HEIGHT%3A115%25%3B%0A%09MSO-pagination%3AWidow-Orphan%3B%0%09FONT-SIZE%3A11.0pt%3A%0A/09FONT-FAMILY%3AArial%3B/0A/09COLOR%3ABLACK%3B/7D%3C%2FSTYLE%3E%3C!%<!--{cke_protected}{C}%3C!%2D%2DStartFragment%2D%2D%3E-->问题是当你真正成为一名建筑师时。是你从建筑学院毕业的那一刻吗?或者当你开始的时候?还是你的第一栋楼建成的那一刻?

我从很小的时候就想成为一名建筑师。我想我的父母间接地把我推向了建筑领域——在我小的时候,他们用建筑和艺术书籍包围着我。我喜欢学习建筑,但我想我在瑞士工作很久以后才开始真正了解建筑。我认为成为一名建筑师是一件不断发展的事情。有时你认为你终于明白了,下一次当你发现还有那么多未解决或误解的问题时。我想这可能就是它令人兴奋的地方——你可以在你的余生中继续成为一名建筑师。

发现他作为设计师的声音我在比利时的圣卢卡斯(Saint-Lucas)学习建筑,当时这还是一所艺术学校,而不是大学。这是一所典型的欧洲大陆学校,从这个意义上说,设计教育并不过于学术化或简单化。就像你在英国或美国看到的那样。我们的老师主要是实习建筑师,他们会来看你的设计。学术议程的缺失鼓励你真正找到自己的位置,从零开始发现一切。和一群朋友一起,我们开始学习3D软件,我们看了很多国外学校发生的事情,比如AA.在建筑学校的最后几年,我很幸运地得到了克里斯·范·维尔特(Kris Van Weert)当老师。我是AA-DRL的第一批学生之一,通过他,我认识了克里斯托夫·克罗拉(Kristof Crolla),他也是比利时人,曾在DRL学习,当时为扎哈工作。毕业后,我去了德国的LAVA工作,在那里我能够在实际项目中使用计算工具。在拉瓦之后,我搬到了瑞士,为克里斯蒂安·凯雷兹工作。这对我来说是一次非常有趣的经历。当我开始为克里斯蒂安工作时,那里只有两个实习生,我们不得不开始我正在为华沙新现代艺术博物馆的一个大型项目工作。随着时间的推移,这个团队变得越来越大,但作为一名非常年轻的建筑师——我实际上只有23岁——我能够承担很多责任。在瑞士,我学到了一种建筑方法,这种方法对核心更感兴趣,对真正构成建筑的东西更感兴趣。我更喜欢它,而不是你在“数字”作品中经常看到的更肤浅的话语。在华沙的项目于12月1日停滞后。我决定搬到伦敦,在AA DRL学习。我想说的是,作为一名设计师,这些经验的结合对我来说非常重要。它让我能够在AA之后相对较快地发展自己的方法和议程,与我们所学的内容和整个演讲的内容保持距离。关于开始自己的工作室的过程从AA毕业后,我开始与罗伯特·斯图亚特-史密斯一起工作和教学——他一起经营着一个以研究为基础的办公室。呃,和罗兰·斯努克斯一起。几年来,我一直在关注他们的工作,所以很高兴能参与他们的研究。后来,艾丽莎·安德拉塞克邀请我到巴特利特任教,并与曼努埃尔·希门尼斯·加西亚一起建立了我自己的研究集群。这使我能够独立,并在教学的同时开始实践。在办公室的头几个月里,我为比利时的一个朋友设计房子,并开始参加很多比赛。第一个-合作与来自Eragatory的Isaie Bloch合作-获得二等奖。第三次比赛是与郑磊合作,为布达佩斯的新国家美术馆和路德维希博物馆举办的,这是一个很大的惊喜——我们和Shop一起被选为第一阶段的获胜者之一。不幸的是,比赛被取消了,组织者重新启动了一个新的比赛,如果你获得了普利兹克奖或英国皇家建筑师协会金奖,你才能参加比赛——萨那最终赢得了比赛。不管怎样,比赛成功这对我很重要。它带来了一定的资金支持,也带来了实践设计议程可行、在国际比赛中有说服力的信心。布达佩斯项目是第一个清晰表达设计议程的项目之一,我认为:建筑的理念是真正基于一个单一的,非常简单的元素,以一种分散的方式开始组织空间和结构。虽然建筑是由一系列厚板-这实际上是一种体积方法-通过线而不是表面来定义质量。代表他独特方法的项目在我的工作中,人们对这条线的想法产生了浓厚的兴趣。所有初始项目都定义为副线,而不是体量或表面。这些线开始连接并定义多孔体积。这座建筑的体量实际上被分解成了成千上万条线条的高度细致的组合。你可以从一开始,从我们在DRL中做的Softkill Proto House(2012)开始,直到当前的项目,都有这样的想法。在SoftKill项目中,我们真正开发了用线性元素定义体积元素的概念。它还介绍了更高分辨率结构、扩散质量等概念。然而,只有通过3D打印才能真正制造出Softkill项目。它是不断分化和超详细的。我们建立了与Materialise合作打印了一个巨大的模型——现在在蓬皮杜中心。后来,我开始用同样的想法将体积扩散到实践中,但试图将其嵌入到组装、控制和可构造性的想法中。与Isaie Bloch合作的Karosta Kube(2013)是第一个尝试这样做的项目,并真正产生了这样的想法:也许异质性并不一定来自于建筑元素的大规模定制,而更多的是来自于你的方式U组织标准化工件。所有随后的项目都进一步研究了这个想法,例如我与普赖斯和迈尔斯的工程师合作的古根海姆赫尔辛基竞赛的提案。它是超高分辨率的,但同时具有高度的重复性。真正的差异化来自于组织和元素的数量。屋顶由数千根再生木条组成,形成了一种类似于结构网格的空间框架。A另一个关键项目是“ Blokhut ”,它最初是为比利时的一个朋友建造的小房子。但它后来演变成了一个更像研究项目的东西。该项目引入了一种基本基于离散性的设计方法。它是基于一些小零件,这些小零件组合成一个更复杂的整体,而且制造成本非常低。它们总是相同的部分,所以你不需要切割数百万个不同的部分,然后花几天时间对它们进行微观管理。ARS,以便将所有内容组合在一起。通过非常精确的定制区域,您可以创建一个差异化和异构的架构,但同时又是廉价和可访问的。我们刚刚为这个项目建立了一个大规模的物理模型,现在正在考虑将其推进到下一个阶段。我目前还在为一个多户住宅项目工作,该项目位于郊区。这座建筑有三层,坐落在一个大花园里。这完全是真的它只使用了2种不同类型的元素,在三个不同的尺度上重复。这条线,以前很细,可能有点乱,现在很粗,体积和控制。线条本身几乎就是一个图形。这个项目在某种程度上是Blokhut项目的延续,因为它进一步推动了离散性和序列化的想法-但它不需要任何定制。关于他的设计过程我母亲的学术抱负RK真正关注的是建筑如何吸收数字。在数字实验的最初二十年里,计算机并没有真正被用作数字机器,而是被用作模拟工具。它们被用来雕刻,用来后合理化形式,用来绘画。这导致了现在所谓的“后数字时代”,尽管数字的实际性质还没有被用于设计和建造建筑物。我感兴趣的是我们如何创造“数字”建筑——从某种意义上说,建筑及其物理组织基本上是数字化的。想象一下,大量离散的、预制的片段通过这种基本的、原始的男女/0-1连接相互影响。我目前在实践和学术研究中致力于纯粹的离散性和组装,而不是大规模定制和连续性。我们正在研究如何定义非常简单、可访问的系统,其中智能组织单一部分的离子可导致分化的、异质的结构。我们设计了一种抽象的物质,有点像乐高积木。它不是我们所知道的一块:它不是一根柱子,也不是一根梁、楼板或楼梯。这真的是一种几乎和砖块一样普通的东西——不同的是,其中嵌入了设计意图。把它看作一块受约束的砖——无论你如何组装它,它总会产生一些有趣的空间和结构。这次评估的结果OACH实际上是没有外观的建筑——它们是纯粹的内部。地板、柱子和天花板似乎是雕刻出来的,就像一个整体一样。没有门面。这座建筑的形象消失了,扩散了——不清楚它从哪里开始。教学议程与我在实践中调查的问题有着内在的联系。我和曼努埃尔·希门尼斯·加西亚(Manuel Jimenez Garcia)在巴特利特共同领导的研究小组,对于在T.何菲尔德。我非常热衷于我们目前的研究,即机器人加法组装和离散计算设计。如果你想要的话,我们可以开发颗粒或砖块,它们可以与机器人快速组装和拆卸成各种结构。在过去的几年里,我们一直致力于机器人3D打印——但我们相信这一议程已经结束——3D打印已经被炒作了一段时间,但它实际上在结构性能方面存在很多问题。时间、多重性、可逆性等。它本质上是一种连续的、模拟的制造方式,就像陶器一样——我们对纯“数字”组装更感兴趣。在UEL,我和Isaie Bloch一起教学,这是一次伟大的合作。伊萨伊有不同的设计方法和框架,但我想说的是,我们的审美感知力非常一致。所以从彼此的方法中学习,看看学生们是如何组成的,这是非常有趣的。它。关于未来5-10年的愿望主要目的是通过建筑项目进一步发展实践。我认为这可能是每个年轻建筑师面临的挑战——说服客户并建造第一批东西。我感兴趣的是设计议程随着时间的推移而成熟——变得不那么学术,更加开放,更难预测。在某种程度上,我现在所做的研究仍然是在调查一条非常特殊的线索——我希望看到它成为更宽。此外,我希望看到该办公室在多个领域发展专业知识,如小规模产品设计或大规模城市设计。通过巴特利特的研究集群,我们正致力于行业合作——我们的愿望是在未来几年内真正建立一个合适的实验室,将激进的蓝天研究和现实世界的应用很好地结合起来,这可以为建筑行业带来改变。关于建筑的未来E未来5-10年我很高兴我现在是一名年轻的建筑师,而不是十年前。十年前,像我这样对计算感兴趣的人,更多的是缺乏工具或话语不成熟的受害者。我真的很兴奋地看到许多不同的实践开始与新的理论和技术合作,并将其推向完全不同的方向。我的一位同事曾经告诉我,在某个时候,彼得·贝伦斯迫使年轻建筑师密斯再次设计古典主义建筑,尽管他们已经完成了许多艺术装饰项目。贝伦斯放弃了装饰艺术。但几年后,现代主义变得司空见惯。不知何故,我觉得我们现在可能处于一个类似的时刻——我们只是简单地谈到了一种新建筑的可能性。在过去的二十年里,新的设计和制造技术的实验只集中在基于IDE的非常具体的方法上。就像连续性和大规模定制一样,但还有更多,更多的平行领域有待发现和探索。根据建议,他会给年轻的自己当我开始学习建筑的时候,我一直相信,如果你推动设计,你真的相信设计,并试图找到事情是如何运作的,你就会以某种方式到达那里。我以前相信这一点,现在仍然相信。我也认为不断质疑你是谁是很重要的。或者你所看到的。我不认为制度化的实验是有效的。你总是要以不同于假设的方式来做事情。这在某种程度上并不是独一无二的——建筑是一种集体研究,而不是一种纯粹个人创造力的庆典。从这个意义上说,这种对假设的质疑也是一种集体努力。设计不是孤立发生的——我从其他人那里学到了很多——无论是通过对话、合作还是观看讲座。.因此,我肯定会建议继续与其他人交流和分享——这样一切都会进行得更快,变得更有趣。

看看我们未建成的《化石》由该项目的导师之一Gilles Retsin担任主角。

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